Medical malpractice is an umbrella term that refers to any breach of duty by a health care professional that causes injury or death, whether through negligence or some other type of carelessness. And while medical malpractice issues – such as wrong diagnoses – are well-known, wrong-site surgery has become increasingly more common and can have devastating consequences for a patient.
Here are some things to know about this type of malpractice and the efforts to lower the number of cases that occur each year.
Common Types of Medical Malpractice
As mentioned earlier, misdiagnosis is one of the most common types of medical malpractice that leads to a lawsuit. This occurs when a doctor either fails to properly diagnose an ailment or misdiagnoses an ailment, often leading to the prescribing of the wrong medication or a worsening of the original condition.
Injuries related to childbirth are another common type of medical malpractice, and occur in situations in which a newborn child is injured or dies during childbirth due to the negligence of a doctor.
Medication mistakes, in which a doctor makes an error such as failing to recognize that two medications taken together can lead to serious complications, is another type of medical malpractice that leads to many lawsuits.
Many TV shows focus on surgical errors to dramatize the type of malpractice that can result in serious injuries. This usually involves a surgeon making an error that causes damage to a vital organ, or a surgeon leaving an instrument inside a patient before suturing a cut.
But lesser spoken about are wrong-site surgeries, a term that refers not only to doctors who operate on the wrong organ or on the wrong side of a patient’s body, but also doctors who perform the wrong procedure on the wrong patient.
According to Becker’s ASC Review, there were 9,744 malpractice settlements related to wrong-site surgery from 1990 to 2010, for a total of $1.3 billion. These cases resulted in six percent of patients dying, 32.9 percent of patients suffering a permanent injury, and 59.2 percent of patients suffering temporary injuries.
More concerning was a study conducted by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, which surveyed 400 spine surgeons and found that half of them admitted to performing a wrong-site surgery, typically by operating on the wrong spinal level.
Although wrong-site surgical errors occur less frequently than other types of medical mistakes, according to the Patient Safety Network, they are often the result of a breakdown in communication between surgeons and surgical assistants, as well as between surgeons and surgical preparation supervisors.
Preventing Wrong-Site Surgeries
One of the ways to prevent wrong-site surgery is for physicians to adhere to reviewing what is known as a pre-operative checklist.
In fact, there are checklists made specifically to help surgeons avoid wrong-site surgery, which typically include questions such as:
- “Has the patient confirmed his/her identity, site, procedure, and consent?”
- “Is the site marked?”
Furthermore, the checklist will typically include a stipulation that all surgeons performing the procedure take a ‘time out’ prior to the operation, which gives them time to verify that they are performing the correct procedure on the correct patient.
Your Advocates In Medical Malpractice Cases
At the Badgley Law Group, our commitment to our clients has earned us high ratings as a law firm that provides first-rate service in areas that include medical malpractice.
If you or someone you love has suffered injuries due to a doctor’s negligence, please call us at 407-781-0420 for a free legal consultation. Our founding principles are experience, integrity and excellence, all the characteristics of a winning team.